Pumamarca: An Inca Bastion?
Pumamarca for its strategic location can be considered an Inca bastion, from where you have a privileged view of the valleys of Patacancha and Yuracmayo, a short distance from Olllantaytambo.
The place holds a great mystery, since no one knows what its exact function was and when it was built; some researchers believe that its function was to control access from the Antisuyo (eastern part of the Inca Empire, but the place is too large to have hat only that function. Studies also indicate that its construction apparently began in the 13th century, before the arrival of the Incas to that valley. There is a lot of speculation about the first people who built this center, it is said that it could be the Ayamarcas, inhabitants of the Altiplano who arrived to the valley long before the Incas, these are theories that might be true, because if one compares the type of construction with those of the Inca epoch it does not keep much similarity; and that is the great mystery that Pumamarca. I is a center that, because of its structure, could have been for military use, but by the lightning shape of its walls could also have been a religious center.
Cusco is full of enigmas and mysteries, archaeological centers that tell you thousands of stories of how the Cusco of the Incas was built and how it became the great Empire of Tahuantinsuyo.