Saqsaywaman : The fortress of the city
As the capital of the Inca Empire, Cuzco is surrounded by different precincts with a specific function that better contribute to the understanding of the history of the capital of the Tahuantinsuyo (empire of the four cardinal points). But there is a precinct that became a mystery and challenge us to read different stories between its walls.
Saqsaywaman is undoubtedly one of the most popular attractions of the city of Cusco, the latest studies reveal that Saqsaywaman is a mix between two important centers of the Inca era, that between a temple and a fortress.
The temple is recognized by the form of lightning or “Illapa” in Quechua and by the sundial, found at the top of the temple.
The theory about the fortress is based on the interpretation of Spanish chroniclers who, upon arriving in Cuzco, saw large turrets at the entrance and they experienced here the resistance battle against the Spanish invaders. The chronicler Huaman Poma de Ayala reaffirmed this theory and from there on Saqsaywaman was known as a fortress.
The route inside the fortress reflects the harmony between the hardness of the stones and the delicacy of the nature of landscape that surrounds Saqsaywaman .